s18. Continuing Spanish – Week 4


Today’s class:

El Padre Nuestro

  • We started out with a review of the Lord’s Prayer, focusing on pronunciation.

Answers to a worksheet from last week

Food!

  • We learned some words to talk about comidas (foods) in addition to talking about what we like, really like and love.

A way to increase your vocabulary!

  • Another thing that came up in class was about how many words you can come up with in Spanish if you consider this pattern:
  • Orientation (en inglés) → orientación (en español)
    • o-rien-ta-ción
  • Construction (en inglés) → construcción  (en español)
    • con-struc-ción
  • How many other words can you come up with that follow this pattern?  If you would like to learn about more words like this, try searching “Spanish-English cognates” on Google!

Here’s a pic of our messy whiteboard from last class:

 


Notes on our new learning about COMIDAS!


Words for Food

Here are some new words we learned:

  • -Leche (milk) 
  • -(la) leche de chocolate (chocolate milk)
  • -huevos (eggs)
  • -queso (cheese) 
  • -(el) yogur (yogurt)

 

  • Proteínas (proteins)
  • (la) carne (meat)
  • carne de res (beef)
  • pollo (chicken)
  • puerco (pork) 
  • pescado (fish)
  • ternera (veal)
  • cordero (lamb)

 

Note that sometimes in English the word for the food is the same as the word for the animal.  In Spanish though we often use different words:

  • We eat pescado, but the animal is el pez
  • We eat pollo, but the animal is la gallina (chicken/hen)
  • We eat puerco, but the animal is el cerdo
  • We eat carne de res, but the animal is la vaca
  • Cordero is the same word as for the meat and the animal.  In fact also this word is used to refer to Jesus as it is in English: El Cordero de Dios (The Lamb of God)

And just for fun, here’s a link to a youtube video of the kids song that I sang in class for ya’ll, about the little chicks:  Los Pollitos Dicen.


Saying you like something

Use “Me gusta…  el/la…” to say you like something.  More literally, you are saying, “it is pleasing to me” or “it pleases me.”

  • I like milk – Me gusta la leche.
  • I like pizza – Me gusta la pizza.

For plural nouns, use “Me gustan” to say you like them.

  • I like eggs – Me gustan los huevos.
  • I like vegetables – Me gustan las verduras.

You can say “Me gusta mucho” or “Me gustan mucho” to say you like something a lot.

  • I like eggs a lot – Me gustan mucho los huevos.
  • I like pizza a lot – Me gusta mucho la pizza.

To ask someone at the Care Center if they like a food, you can use, ¿Le gusta? or ¿Le gustan?

  • Do you like eggs?  – ¿Le gustan los huevos?
  • Do you like pizza? – ¿Le gusta la pizza?
  • Do you like yogurt? – ¿Le gusta el yogur?
  • Do you like the weather today? – ¿Le gusta el tiempo hoy?

 

Advanced Notes!! The above  ¿Le gusta? or ¿Le gustan? is formal, singular.  Use when talking to one person.

  • Use “te” instead  – ¿te gusta? ¿te gustan? to make it formal (if you are talking to a child)
  • Use “les” instead – ¿les gusta? ¿les gustan? to make it plural (if you are talking to multiple people)

How to Agree and Disagree on Food Preferences

—AGREEMENT—

To agree with someone when they say they like something, you can say, “A mí también.”

  • ¿Le gustan los huevos?  Do you like eggs?
  • Sí, me gustan.  Yes, I like them.
  • ¡A mí también!  Me too!

If someone says they DON’T like something, you can agree with someone’s dislike by saying “A mí tampoco.”

  • ¿Le gusta el tiempo hoy?  Do you like the weather today?
  • No, no me gusta nada.  No, I don’t like it at all.
  • A mí tampoco.  Me neither.

SUMMARY:  Use “A mí también” and “A mí tampoco” to agree with someone when they say they like or don’t like something.

  • They like it – and you do también
  • They don’t like it – and you don’t  tampoco

 

—DISAGREEMENT—

To share your contrasting opinion, you can use the phrases “A mí sí” and “A mí no”.

They like it – But you don’t

  • ¿Le gustan los huevos?  Do you like eggs?
  • Sí, me gustan.  Yes, I like them.
  • A mí no.  I don’t.
    • Maybe soften this by saying “A mí no me gustan mucho” – I don’t like them very much – if it comes up naturally in conversations with Care Center guests 🙂

They don’t like it – But you do

  • ¿Le gusta el tiempo hoy?
  • No, no me gusta mucho.  No, I don’t like it very much.
  • ¡A mí sí!  I do like it!

SUMMARY:  Use “a mí sí” and “a mí no” to contrast and say the opposite of what the person you are talking with said.


Degrees of Liking

It’s common to use a few phrases to talk about food, and they are fun to learn!

  • Me gusta– I like (it is pleasing to me)
  • Me encanta – I really like (it enchants/delights me)
  • Me fascina – I love (it fascinates/allures me)

For plural nouns, use Me gustan, Me encantan or Me fascinan.

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